1) Feature way:
Create a feature.xml in the normal way as you do for any other feature. Here is the example:
"<"!--Created by Kunal Kochhar at 18/08/2008 10:21:18 AM--">"
"<"Feature Id="66D0E36C-4D48-46D0-90E9-7BFGHFBE4E3C" Title="Item receiver attacher" Description="This feature will attach event handler to a task item generated by Disposition workflow" Version="184.108.40.206" Scope="Web" Hidden="false" ImageUrl="CustomBranding.gif" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sharepoint/"">"
"<"ElementManifest Location="elements.xml" /">"
Now write the elements.xml file. This file will have Receivers tag. Read here more about Receivers element:
Let me show you the elements file:
'<'Assembly'>'assemblyname, [full four part]'<'/Assembly'>'
As you can see I am saying ListTemplateId=107 in the Receivers element. This id is the List Template Id for Tasks list type. You can refer to more list template ids here: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms431081.aspx
Once you deploy and activate this feature on web it will attach your required event handler with all the existing tasks lists or any new ones that you create.
2) Lets see the second approach which is through code. The SPWeb object exposes list templates and contenttypes collections. You can retreive the required list template type and content type and can add your eventreceiver assembly in their eventreceivers collection. Here is an example to add it to a content type:
SPWeb web = SPContext.Current.Web;
SPContentType ct = web.ContentTypes["Tasks"];
SPEventReceiverDefinition receiverDef = ct.EventReceivers.Add();
receiverDef.Name = "Custom_ItemAdded";
receiverDef.Type = SPEventReceiverType.ItemAdded;
receiverDef.SequenceNumber = 10012;
receiverDef.Assembly = "assembly, [full four part assembly details]";
receiverDef.Class = "namespacename.classname";
I hope this will help some of you. If you have any queries in relation to this then please feel free to write to me.